Adventures in Natural Dyeing: The Outback Afghan Project
Spin Off contributor Brian McCarthy learned to spin shortly after his retirement. Soon he became fascinated with natural dyeing and Navajo plying. In the Winter 2019 issue, Brian shared his interest with seeing what colors he could obtain from the plants he encountered in his environment and the resulting afghan projects were inspired by the Australian Outback.
It did not take long for it to dawn on me that there was a strong correspondence between the colors extracted from plants and those dominating the landscapes of the Australian Outback: the parched, hardy grasses and scrub of the plains; the salt pans and dry watercourses; the ochre sand dunes; and the rocky ridges, gorges, and escarpments of stark, barren ranges.
I began a series of projects to evoke the natural scenery of the Outback using naturally dyed fiber and handspun yarn.
Outback 1 was a mosaic constructed from 252 mitered squares worked on 6.5 mm (U.S. size 10½ – affiliate link) needles. The center includes all 56 of the initial colorways. The mitered squares automatically generate a series of right-angled stripes that gradually reduce to blotches of color as the rows become shorter, and the diagonal ridge created by the central double decrease creates a three-dimensional effect. The finished, blocked work measures 110 by 140 centimeters (43 by 55 inches) and weighs about 1,270 grams (45 ounces).
Outback 2 represents the transition from grass to desert to dark escarpment to an evening sky. It is built on the short-row color-pooling pattern used in the Autumn Forest Afghan. The center, using 46 of the colorways, was worked on 6.5 mm needles (affiliate link) as a single piece on 183-stitch rows to emphasize the flatness of the landscape; each band was a single set of the 4-row pattern. The finished, blocked piece measures 121 by 174 centimeters (48 by 68.5 inches) and weighs about 1,400 grams (49 ounces).
By the time the first two afghans were finished, supplies of some of the colorways were already beginning to run low, so the remaining pieces represent experiments with color and texture.
Outback 3, knitted on 6.5 mm needles (affiliate link), is constructed in one piece using garter-stitch, garter-rib, and seed-stitch blocks spread across 152-stitch rows, with 15 stitches across each block. For this project, I divided the colorways into three broad classes: brown, green, and orange. The entire center is built on a sequence of one row green, one row brown, one row orange, carrying the yarn up the side. After each 24-row band there is a change of the particular green, brown, and orange set of colorways, and the stitch sequence is shifted across by one block (i.e., garter stitch, garter rib, seed stitch in band 1 would become garter rib, seed stitch, garter stitch in band 2). The finished, blocked work measures 107 by 152 centimeters (42 by 60 inches) and weighs about 1,050 grams (37 ounces).
Outback 4 consists of a textured stitch pattern with 33 of the center colorways transitioning as they might in an outback landscape. It was knitted on 6.5 mm needles (affiliate link) across 170-stitch rows. The finished, blocked work measures 114 by 161 centimeters (45 by 63 inches) and weighs about 1,050 grams (37 ounces).
Outback 5 is knitted using a garter slip-stitch pattern across 193-stitch rows with a vague transition from greens through oranges to brown. This stitch adds texture and density by compressing the work both horizontally and vertically and by producing “feature” stitches carried over two rows. Unless a larger-than usual needle is used (8 mm [U.S. size 11] – affiliate link, in this case), such a pattern creates a stiff, drape-impaired fabric. In order for the seed-stitch border to match the spring and density of the body of the afghan, I worked it with a double strand of yarn, also on 8 mm needles. The finished, blocked work measures 118 by 162 centimeters (46.5 by 64 inches) and weighs about 1,350 grams (48 ounces).
Brian McCarthy lives on the south coast of New South Wales. He is a lifelong knitter who took up spinning on retirement after touching a skein of handspun Merino that made him realize just what he had been missing. Various corners of the house now serve as workstations for scouring, carding, spinning, knitting, dyeing, and stash storage. His very patient wife, four children, and nine grandchildren have ended up with a lot of handspun jumpers, shawls, scarfs, and afghans.
Download a copy of the Winter 2019 issue to read more about Brian McCarthy’s adventures in natural dyeing and afghans.
Featured Image: Overall, the Outback Afghan Project required 11,470 meters (12,540 yards) of Navajo-plied yarn (i.e., 34,410 meters of singles!) weighing 6.87 kilos (242.3 ounces), a total of 56 skeins for the afghan centers and 2 or 3 more for each mitered-corner seed-stitch border.
Learn more about natural dyeing in Spin Off!