Dorset Buttons to Make

Did you know that a Thirty-Year-War soldier developed a method for making a thread-covered button? Making buttons provided much needed income for many in the towns and villages of Dorset, England, from the 1600s to the 1800s. In the March/April 2018 issue of PieceWork, Pat Olski (affiliate link) shares with us the fascinating history behind Dorset buttons and how to make them.

Belgian needle lace or European metal military buttons? No one is certain which inspired Thirty-Year-War soldier Abraham Case to invent a revolutionary thread-covered button upon his return to Shaftesbury, England, around 1622. Case’s creations were designed from locally sourced linen thread that was deftly wrapped over handcut horn rings taken from the abundant sheep population.

Later, in the mid-1700s, Abraham’s grandson Peter Case invented a nonrusting metal alloy that was used as a foundation for wire button rings. The wire rings gave a great boost to the already economically significant Dorset button industry. Although the first button was the conical high-top, which was used primarily for men’s waistcoats, the Dorset Cartwheel, which is formed over a ring foundation, is the most recognizable.

The techniques that were used by Abraham Case and his sons and grandsons are every bit as artistic and useful today. The traditional steps—casting (covering the ring with blanket stitches), slicking (turning the cast “bumps” to the inside of the ring), laying (wrapping thread spokes), and rounding (filling in the spokes)—form the basis for many regional and contemporary variations.

Dorset buttons

Learn how to make Pat Olski’s Modern Swanston Variation Button and more. Photos by George Boe.

Materials for the Modern Swanston Variation Button

  • DMC Pearl Cotton, 100% cotton thread, size 8, 95 yards (86.9 m)/10 gram (0.4 oz) ball, 1 ball of Ecru
  • John James Needles, tapestry size 22 (for the rounding step) and chenille size 16 (to anchor the thread when finished)
  • Dritz plastic ring, 1 inch (2.5 cm)

Finished size: 1 inch (2.5 cm)

To learn more about the history of Dorset buttons and make your own, read Pat Olski’s “Dorset Buttons to Make,” in the March/April 2018 issue of PieceWork, our 25th-Anniversary issue.

Pat Olski is a knit, crochet, and needlework designer who loves to teach, stitch, and write. Her newest book is Creating Dorset Buttons: A Classic Craft Made New (Mineola, New York: Dover Publications, 2018). Visit Pat at

Featured Image: Shown left to right are Pat Olski’s Modern Swanston Variation Button and Dorset Cartwheel Button.

Posted February 14, 2018. Updated May 30, 2019.

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