An Education in Grafting Lace Edgings: Edging Pattern 6

So far in our series on grafting lace edgings, we’ve covered how to create:

• a picot selvedge
• a slip stitch selvedge at the beginning of a row
• twisted stitches
• single and double yarnovers
• single and double decreases

The sixth edging in our series on grafting lace edgings is another garter-stitch-based edging with a simple faggoting stitch at one edge and a one-sided lace stitch with left-slanting double decreases at the other edge.

For the grafting, I used Rows 1 and 2 of the lace chart (Row 1 for the grafted row itself and Row 2 for the provisional cast-on row). I chose those two rows because they have the fewest stitches (and the fewest decreases), of any of the other rows.

As with the series on grafting two-sided lace , the live stitches will be held on waste yarn until the grafting is complete because this is much easier than grafting lace on the needles. Make sure to use cotton in a contrasting color for the provisional cast-on so that you can clearly see the main-color stitches. The lace swatches can be worked in two separate pieces: one piece that begins with a provisional cast-on, and another that ends with live stitches.

Use a heavier-weight waste yarn (also in a contrasting color) to hold the live stitches of the lower piece to prevent the stitches from sinking down into the stitches in the row below, which makes it difficult to retrieve them. (Note: The orange yarn I used for the provisional cast-on could have been just a bit heavier. Because the chain was so loose, the cast-on stitches sometimes got a little distorted.)

grafting lace edgings

Keep the stitches on the waste yarn as they are being grafted.

Quick refresher:

• Knitwise = point of tapestry needle faces away from you (tip of needle can point either to the right or to the left, depending on the orientation of the stitch on the waste yarn).
• Purlwise = point of tapestry needle faces toward you (tip of needle can point either to the right or to the left, depending on the orientation of the stitch on the waste yarn).
• The dotted lines on the grafting chart indicate the spaces between stitches on the upper piece. If there is no dotted line (or yarnover) separating letters on the upper row of the chart, the steps are both worked into the same loop.
• The yarnover symbols on the upper row of the grafting chart indicate the placement of the yarnovers that were worked on the provisional cast-on row.

THE GRAFTING SEQUENCES

Five grafting sequences are used to graft this edging: Sequences C, G, L, V, and W.

If you want to practice the sequences (for this and other edgings) on stockinette stitch, I’ve set up two practice swatches for this purpose. Sequence C can be found in Practice Swatch 1 and Sequence G can be found in Practice Swatch 2. (Sequences L, V, and W aren’t included in the practice swatches.)

The most important sequence to practice is Sequence C, which is a basic garter-stitch graft with four steps: Steps 1 and 4 create a knit stitch on the lower piece and Steps 2 and 3 create a purl stitch on the upper piece.

All the other sequences are simply variations of Sequence C.

For example, Sequence G uses only Steps 2 and 3 of Sequence C and skips Steps 1 and 4 (to create a purl stitch on the upper piece and a yarnover on the lower piece).

For Sequence L, Steps 1 and 4 of Sequence C are worked through two stitches instead of one, creating a k2tog on the lower piece.

For Sequence V, Sequence G is worked first, then Sequence L is worked so that it slants to the right over Sequence G to create a k2tog on the lower piece (Row 1 of the lace chart) and a p2tog on the upper piece (Row 2 of the lace chart).

For Sequence W, Steps 1 and 4 of Sequence C are worked through three stitches instead of one, creating a sk2p decrease on the lower piece.

WORKING THE UPPER PIECE

The Provisional Cast-On

Because the lace pattern is two-sided, it will be necessary to work yarnovers on the provisional cast-on row (which forms the base for Row 2 of the lace chart). Row 2 of Edging Pattern 6 contains 2 yarnovers; the remaining 10 stitches (counting the decrease as a single stitch) are cast on provisionally.

I’ve provided different options for casting on provisionally so you can choose your preferred method:

Crochet Chain Method

1. With crochet hook and cotton waste yarn, chain about 18 sts. Break yarn and pull tail through last st.
2. Turn chain over so the bumps in the back of the chain are visible. With knitting needle and working yarn, beginning in 3rd st from last st of chain, pick up and knit sts in the chain, placing the yarnovers from Row 2 of the chart as foll (reading chart Row 2 from left to right, counting the decrease symbol as one picked-up st): pick up and knit 7 sts, yo and skip a chain, pick up and knit 1 st, yo and skip a chain, pick up and knit 2 sts—12 sts.

Alternate Crochet Chain Method

1. With crochet hook and cotton waste yarn, work 12 chain sts onto a knitting needle.
2. With working yarn, work as foll: k7, yo, drop a chain st from needle, k1, yo, drop a chain st from needle, k2—12 sts.

Waste Yarn Method

1. With cotton waste yarn, cast on 10 sts using any method. Work in St st for about 1″, ending with a RS row. Break waste yarn.
2. With WS facing and working yarn, k7, yo, k1, yo, k2—12 sts.

Work the Lace Chart

Work Rows 3–12 of the Pattern 6 chart once, then work Rows 1–12 as many times as desired. Bind off.

LOWER PIECE

Cast on 11 sts using any method and work Rows 1–12 of the Pattern 6 chart as many times as desired, ending with Row 12. Break the yarn, leaving a long tail for grafting. Place these sts on a strand of waste yarn.

GRAFTING THE EDGING

Start by threading the cast-on tail onto a tapestry needle and running it through to the wrong side of the work to create an extra half loop at the edge. This half loop makes it possible to work all four steps of the last grafting sequence.

HOW TO FOLLOW THE GRAFTING CHART

The grafting chart is worked from right to left and (unlike a regular stitch chart) both rows of the chart are worked at the same time. I print out the grafting chart so I can check off each sequence as it’s worked. That way, if I get interrupted mid-graft, I know that I have to start with the first unchecked sequence.

GRAFT THE STITCHES

Thread the working yarn onto a tapestry needle.

Work Sequence C two times:

Note: The second Sequence C ends just before the first yarnover on the upper piece (on the provisional cast-on row).

Step 1: Insert tapestry needle purlwise into stitch on lower piece.

grafting lace edgings

Step 2: Insert tapestry needle knitwise into stitch on upper piece. For the first sequence, this stitch will be at the very edge of the upper piece.

grafting lace edgings

Step 3: Insert tapestry needle purlwise into next stitch on upper piece.

grafting lace edgings

Step 4: Insert tapestry needle knitwise into stitch on lower piece, following the grafting yarn back through the stitch.

grafting lace edgings

First Sequence C completed.

grafting lace edgings

Work Steps 1–4 of the second Sequence C.

Step 1: Insert tapestry needle purlwise into next stitch on lower piece.

grafting lace edgings

Step 2: Insert tapestry needle knitwise into stitch on upper piece. For the second sequence, this step shares a loop with Step 3 of the first sequence.

grafting lace edgings

Step 3: Insert tapestry needle purlwise into next stitch on upper piece, ending just before the first yarnover on the provisional cast-on row.

grafting lace edgings

Step 4: Insert tapestry needle knitwise into stitch on lower piece, following the grafting yarn back through the stitch.

grafting lace edgings

Second Sequence C completed.

grafting lace edgings

Work Sequence V once:

Note: Sequence V is worked between the two yarnovers on provisional cast-on row.

Step 1: Insert tapestry needle knitwise into stitch on the other side of the first yarnover on the provisional cast-on row.

grafting lace edgings

Step 2: Insert tapestry needle purlwise into next stitch on upper piece, ending just before the second yarnover on the provisional cast-on row.

grafting lace edgings

Completed Sequence G (Steps 1 and 2 of Sequence V).

grafting lace edgings

Step 3: Insert tapestry needle purlwise into 2 stitches on lower piece.

grafting lace edgings

Step 4: Insert tapestry needle knitwise and purlwise into same two stitches on upper piece as for Steps 1 and 2.

grafting lace edgings

– inserting tapestry needle knitwise

grafting lace edgings

– inserting tapestry needle purlwise

Step 5: Insert tapestry needle knitwise into same 2 stitches on lower piece, following the path of the grafting yarn back through the stitches.

Completed Sequence V.

grafting lace edgings

Work Sequence G once:

Note: Sequence G is worked on other side of the second yarnover on the provisional cast-on row.

Step 1: Insert tapestry needle knitwise into stitch on other side of yarnover on upper piece.

grafting lace edgings

Step 2: Insert tapestry needle purlwise into next stitch on upper piece.

grafting lace edgings

Completed Sequence G. Make sure not to pull the grafting yarn too tightly or you will close up the yarnover hole.

grafting lace edgings

Work Sequence L once:

Step 1: Insert tapestry needle purlwise into 2 stitches on lower piece.

grafting lace edgings

Step 2: Insert tapestry needle knitwise into stitch on upper piece.

grafting lace edgings

Step 3: Insert tapestry needle purlwise into next stitch on upper piece.

grafting lace edgings

Step 4: Insert tapestry needle knitwise into same 2 stitches on lower piece, following the path of the grafting yarn back through the stitches.

grafting lace edgings

Completed Sequence L.

grafting lace edgings

Work Sequence C once:

Notice how the sequence aligns with the stitches above and below.

grafting lace edgings

Work Sequence G once:

grafting lace edgings

Work Sequence W once:

Step 1: Skip next st on lower piece and insert tapestry needle purlwise into next 2 stitches.

grafting lace edgings

Step 2: Then insert tapestry needle purlwise into first (skipped) stitch on lower piece, keeping the grafting yarn above the needle.

grafting lace edgings

Step 3: Insert tapestry needle knitwise into stitch on upper piece.

grafting lace edgings

Step 4: Insert tapestry needle purlwise into next stitch on upper piece.

grafting lace edgings

Step 5: Insert tapestry needle knitwise into same 3 stitches on lower piece, following the path of the grafting yarn back through the stitches. To make it easier to show you how the tapestry needle goes through the stitches, I placed the last stitch on the lower piece on a holder and removed the waste yarn from the last 4 stitches. As you’re working, it helps to fold the lower piece toward you so you can see all 3 stitches.

grafting lace edgings

Work Sequence G once:

The photo shows the completed Sequence G and the preceding Sequence W.

grafting lace edgings

Work Sequence C once:

grafting lace edgings

Remove the waste yarn. Block the swatch to even out the grafted stitches.

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Grafting Lace Edgings in Projects

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