How to Cable Knit with Expert Eunny Jang
Learning how to cable knit is one technique that epitomizes the free hand we knitters have to shape and mold our fabric as it grows. All cables — the whole lot of them, from simple ropes to complex panels to eye-boggling allover fabrics — are really just stitches knitted out of order in a certain way, forcing the stitches to cross over one another. When combined with knit/purl texture, as cable knitting patterns usually are, some of the stitches appear to come forward, while others appear to recede, creating the illusion of individual “strands” that move across the surface of a plain fabric.
How to Cable Knit: The Basic Cable
The most familiar type of cable knitting pattern is a simple rope cable. A rope cable is worked over a set number of stitches that are (usually) worked in a straight column, without moving over background stitches to the right or left.
The actual cabling in a rope cable couldn’t be simpler.
At predetermined intervals, and usually while working a right-side row, half the strand stitches are placed out of sequence before knitting. Cable instructions and chart keys often direct you to do something like “place two stitches onto a cable needle, hold in front, knit two and knit two from the cable needle.” This means that you use a third, smaller cable needle to hold half the strand’s stitches out of the way, knit the former second half of the strand first, then knit the former first half of the strand. Doing so switches the order of the two halves, making them pass over one another and creating a cable knit crossing.
If you hold the first half of the stitches to the front of the work while you knit the second half, you will have a left cross (see photo at left), where the first half of the cable passes over the second.
If you hold the first half of the stitches to the back of the work while knitting the second half, you will have a right cross (see photo at left), where the first half of the cable passes under the second.
Rope cables typically repeat the same cross direction over and over for a continuous twist that resembles a rope.
Working with Cables & The Cable Knit Pattern
Cable knitting patterns are usually planned with an orderly structure, crossing and moving strands at predictable intervals. Multi-stitch cables are almost always crossed only on right-side rows, with wrong-side rows worked with the stitches as they appear.
If you’ve lost track of where you are in a cable repeat, it’s easy to count the number of rounds or rows since your last crossing (see the photo at right on counting rows). Pull a cable apart gently to see where the out of order stitches of the last crossing are knitted and joined to their new neighbors. Start counting with the second stitch above that slightly stretched stitch, and include the row on the left needle. Compare with your chart or instructions and cable on.
Oops, I Made a Mistake!
If you find a mistake in a cable crossing several rows down (or even repeats) and don’t want to live with it, don’t rip out all your work to that point! Instead, insert a small double-pointed needle or stitch holder into the stitches in the row just below the incorrect cable (see the photo below on repairing a cable). Work up to the point of the offending crossing and then drop only the involved stitches from your needle. (If the error involves strands that have since separated, this point may be several stitches away from the original crossing point. The stitches in each strand stay with it throughout the knitting, meaning that you must drop from wherever the original strand’s stitches have ended up.) Ladder the dropped stitches down until you reach the held stitches. Rework the pattern correctly, using the ladders as the working yarn. Use a blunt-tipped needle to even the tension in any wonky stitches afterwards.
Cables add so much to a knitted garment. Whether you’re making a cable knit sweater or a simple rope cable scarf, I know these tips on how to cable knit will help you the next time you want to give cable knitting a try.
—Eunny Jang, Adapted from an article in Interweave Knits Winter 2011.
If you’re a beginner ready to jump into the exciting world of cable knitting or are at the intermediate level ready to advance your skills, browse the following cable knitting patterns and tutorials:
- Knitting Daily Workshop Classic to Creative Knit Cables with Kathy Zimmerman: Join expert Kathy Zimmerman for a lesson in some of the more traditional techniques. Watch and learn about basic cable knitting, stitches and more. This informative DVD covers such topics as an introduction to a variety of cable designs, types of cable needles and how to read a stitch chart. There’s even a useful chapter on avoiding cable-knitting errors and how to troubleshoot any problems. Four patterns — for beginners to advanced knitters — are included. Order the DVD or video download today.
- Interweave Knits presents A Step-By-Step Guide to Knitting Cables with 4 Staff Favorite Patterns: Perfect for beginner and intermediate knitters alike, this eBook features a range of cable knit patterns that you can knit as your learn how to knit a cable stitch. Eunny Jang guides knitters on how to knit the basic single rope cable, how to read simple to more advanced cable charts, how to knit other cable types from bias cables, cables with eyelets or textures and more. Download your eBook version today.
- Designer Profile eBook, with 6 Knitting Patterns by Kathy Zimmerman: Discover the sensational cable knit patterns of Kathy Zimmerman with this collection of six traditional cable knitting designs. Dubbed the “queen of cabled pullovers,” Kathy has a simple yet unique approach to cable design. She shares six patterns that feature her favorite techniques: timeless construction, a more unisex design, beautiful cables and a professional looking finish. Download your eBook version today.
- Power Cables eBook: The Ultimate Guide to Knitting Inventive Cables: Take an innovative look at knitting cables with this book by Lily Chin. From basics to advanced cable knitting stitches, learn how to cable knit with confidence! Lily’s unique and sought-after technique for creating reversible cables is clearly explained along with other informative tips as cabling without a cable needle, selecting the best yarns to better show off different cable effects and even how to design your own cable pattern! Download your eBook version today.