The Top 4 Reasons You Need Foundation Crochet Stitches

If you haven’t yet tried foundation stitches, you are missing out on one of the handiest techniques available to a crocheter. Here are the top 4 reasons why I love foundation stitches.

1. Never worry about too many or too few chains.

You are almost at the end of your first row when you discover that you have made too many or too few chains. We’ve all done it; well I have at least. Do you rip out all of your work and start over; try to slip in a double crochet two together or work two stitches in one chain? Eliminate the worry and the chains by working foundation stitches instead. You’ll always have the correct number of stitches.

2. Foundation stitches have more elasticity than foundation chains.

Working a pullover from the top down or the bottom up, a hat from the brim up, or a pair of socks or mittens? The elasticity of your project’s foundation can be important, especially if you are pulling it over your head, hands, or feet. Working into a chain creates a garment without much stretch, but foundation stitches will give you all of the stretches you might need.

3. Foundation stitches are easier than working your first row into chain stitches.

Working your first row of stitches into chain stitches can be fiddly, frustrating work. With a little practice, foundation stitches are actually easier to work than a row of chains and the first row of stitches, and I have had more luck teaching beginning crocheters how to work foundation stitches than how to work into a chain.

4. Foundation stitches make working into the other side of the stitch easier and looks cleaner.

If your pattern calls for turning and working into the bottom of your foundation, such as adding a trim, ribbing, or working a mirror pattern, the foundation stitches create the perfect base. Working into the bottom of foundation stitches eliminates the stretch holes that can happen when working into the bottom of a chain foundation.

Now that you understand the benefits of foundation stitches, let’s look at how to work the foundation single crochet and the foundation double crochet.

How to Work a Foundation Single Crochet (Fsc):

Begin with a slipknot on hook, chain 2, insert hook in 2nd chain from hook.

Pull up a loop, yarn over, and draw through 1 loop on hook. This creates the chain for the stitch (see figure 1).

foundation crochet stitch

Figure 1

Yarn over and draw through 2 loops (see figure 2). This creates the single crochet on top of the chain. You now have one single crochet with its own chain.

foundation crochet stitch

Figure 2

To work the next chain and single crochet, *insert hook under 2 loops of the chain from the previous stitch (see figure 3).

foundation crochet stitch

Figure 3

Pull up a loop, yarn over and draw through 1 loop (see figure 4), yarn over and draw through 2 loops, repeat from * for the desired number of stitches (see figure 5).

foundation crochet stitch

Figure 4

foundation crochet stitch

Figure 5

Grab your yarn and hook and try the foundation single crochet or foundation double crochet. Then apply your new skills to your next crochet pattern. You have to check out the Kolika pullover by Doris Chan. Then take the next step and learn how to work foundation double crochet.

foundation crochet stitch

Kolika Pullover

For more practice with foundation stitches check out these patterns:

1. Balsam Pullover from Interweave Crochet Winter 2019

foundation crochet stitch

Balsam Pullover CREDIT: Harper Point Photography

2. Après Ski Poncho from Interweave Crochet Winter 2019

foundation crochet stitch

Après Ski Poncho CREDIT: Harper Point Photography

3. Cardinal Wrap from Interweave Crochet Winter 2019

foundation crochet stitch

Cardinal Wrap CREDIT: Harper Point Photography

Happy stitching,

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