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Master Foundation Double Crochet (Fdc)

This crochet hat is an easy crochet pattern for a fun gift.
An example of Foundation double crochet: Plaited Hat.

A chainless foundation, such as foundation double crochet, is an alternative to creating a foundation chain. This technique creates your stitch and chain at the same time. This method produces a foundation row that is sized similarly to a regular row. Because this method eliminates the chain altogether, it makes your foundation row and the rest of the rows and stitches in your project more evenly aligned. Another benefit of this technique is that it helps to maintain even tension from the very first stitch to the last.

This type of stitch is called the foundation double crochet stitch, or the Fdc crochet stitch. You can use our foundation double crochet instructions to master this technique so that you can create clean, even stitches in a wide range of crocheting projects. This method is particularly ideal for projects with a long foundation row and brings a great-looking finish compared with the traditional foundation chain.

Foundation Double Crochet in Action:

How to Do Foundation Double Crochet (Fdc):

  1. Chain 3. Yarn over, insert hook in 3rd chain from hook, yarn over and pull up loop (3 loops on hook) (Figure 1).
  2. Yarn over and draw through 1 loop (1 chain made—shaded) (Figure 2).
  3. Yarn over and draw through 2 loops—Figure 3.
  4. 2 times—1 foundation double crochet with chain at bottom (Figure 4).
  5. *Yarn over, insert hook under the 2 loops of the chain at the bottom of the stitch just made, yarn over and pull up loop (3 loops on hook) (Figure 5).
  6. Yarn over and draw through 1 loop (1 chain made), (yarn over and draw through 2 loops) 2 times (Figure 6).
  7. Repeat from the *.

Learn how to do the foundation double crochet (Fdc) in this expert article on this must-known crochet technique from!

Interweave patterns will use this symbol for fdc:

Foundation double crochet symbol

Interweave is on hand to help you master all of the most common and unconventional crochet stitches. Explore all of our crochet articles for more amazing tutorials, guides and tips from the best crochet crafters around! And don’t forget to download our free crochet patterns to put your skills to good use!

Practice the fdc stitch with these amazing products:

You can also find instructions in Interweave’s glossary for similar techniques including:

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