How to Make Rings in an Hour: Metalsmithing Basics
Easy Ring Making: How to Make Textured Sterling Silver Stack Rings
- 3–4″ piece of narrow paper, scissors
- 8-gauge half-round sterling silver wire
- Jeweler’s saw, 4/0 saw blades
- Flat-nose pliers
- Sharpie marker
- Medium tooth (#2) file
- Micro-torch setup with firing brick
- Medium solder, solder pick
- Flux and brush
- Burlife or Gemlube
- Pot of hot pickle and tongs or tweezers
- Bowl of water
- Rawhide mallet, steel ring mandrel
- Texturing tools: Hammer(s), file(s), etc.
How to Make Rings:
- Measure and Cut: The first step in learning how to make rings is to wrap the slip of paper around the lucky finger and mark where the end overlaps. Use this as a guide to mark the length on your wire. Mark off as many as you’d like to cut.
- Using the jeweler’s saw strung with a lubricated 4/0 saw blade, saw on the marks using a smooth, fluid sawing motion. Don’t use wire cutters, because they’ll pinch the ends into points instead of cutting them evenly and straight; then you’ll have to file more, wasting metal.
- File and Pre-form: File the ends flawlessly even so they will match up perfectly and your ring(s) will be seamless. Then file off a tiny bit of the flat, interior side of the wire (as shown by the red arrow in the photo at right) to make room for soldering.
- Use your fingers and flat-nose pliers to curve the wire into an oval ring. Don’t bother with a mandrel and don’t worry about the shape being perfectly round or even, but do be sure that the ends meet up perfectly (in a butt joint). There should be absolutely no light passing between the two ends. Making the joint side a little flat will help the ends meet perfectly.
Note: If you intend to keep your ring polished rather than add texture, use coated pliers or take care not to scratch or mar the wire.
- Try on the ring to make sure it fits. If it’s too large, file and test again; if it’s too small, start deciding who you’ll give it to!
- Pickle: Drop the ring(s) into hot pickle to clean it for a couple of minutes. Sand the end of your solder wire to make sure it’s clean, too; then snip off a small (about 1mm) piece for each ring and use tweezers or a solder pick (not fingers) to place the solder on your firing brick. Lift out the ring(s) with copper tongs, rinse, and dry. Avoid touching with your fingers.
Flux: Holding the ring(s) in tweezers, paint them one at a time with flux and place each one on your firing brick so that each seam/joint is facing you and directly on a piece of solder wire. Note: If you’re making multiple rings all at once—yay you!—but only heat/solder one at a time.
- Soldering: Fire up your torch with a quiet (non-hissing) reducing flame. Keeping the flame moving and with the blue cone about 1/4″ from the surface, heat the brick around the ring, from back (away from the solder bit) to the front (near the solder), heating it gradually. Slowly move closer to the ring, passing over it more frequently as you go.
- Watch for the flux to bubble and turn white; that tells you you’re at about 400°F. Heat your ring more directly now, still moving the flame but staying on the piece, keeping the blue cone about 1/4″ away from the surface. Pass near the solder more frequently now and watch closely!
- Look for the flux to turn clear and glassy. Then you know you’re at 1,100°F and your solder is melting. It will soon flow. When it does, you’ll see a bright silver line appear, and the solder will seem to slide up into the seam/joint, almost instantly. Remove the flame immediately.
- Use tweezers to move the HOT ring to the cup of water; tiptoe it in slowly to quench it before dropping it in the pickle pot. Repeat Steps 4 through 10 to solder your other rings.
- After all your rings have been soldered, quenched, and bathed in the pickle for at least a few minutes, pull them out with copper tongs, rinse, and dry them. Test the joints and resolder if necessary. If your rings are secure, it’s time to round them.
- Form: Drop one ring at a time onto a steel ring mandrel and hammer it repeatedly with the rawhide mallet. A little bit of magic happens here; the ring spins a bit on the mandrel as you hammer it, and soon you will have hammered all the way around and it has become round. Be careful not to hammer downward (from the smaller end toward larger end of the mandrel) or you’ll stretch your ring.
- Texture: I used a planishing hammer to add some texture to one of my rings and filed one in two directions with a checkering file to create a Florentine finish. I decided to leave the third ring smooth and shiny. Add whatever texture(s) you like or even mix textures on one ring. Add patina and darken the metal with liver of sulfur if you like.
- Finish, polish, and buff: Use a Dremel, rotary tool of your choice, and/or buffing wheel to polish and buff your rings as desired.
Stack rings are meant to be stacked, so the more you have, the more fun they’ll be to wear (or share, or swap…). For more great quick and easy how to make ring projects, order your copy of One-Hour Rings with Helen Driggs—or download it instantly—for seven quick but stylish tutorials on how to make rings!